Aperture Maximization with Half-Wavelength Spacing, via a 2-Circle Concentric Array Geometry that is Uniform but Sparse
Kitavi, Dominic M.
Ngari, Cyrus G.
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This paper proposes a new sensor-array geometry (the 2-circle concentric array geometry), that maximizes the array's spatial aperture mainly for bivariate azimuth-polar resolution of direction-of-arrival estimation problem. The proposed geometry provides almost invariant azimuth angle coverage and o ers the advantage of full rotational symmetry (circular invariance) while maintaining an inter-sensor spacing of only an half wavelength (for non-ambiguity with respect to the Cartesian direction cosines). A better-accurate performance in direction nding of the proposed array grid over a single ring array geometry termed as uniform circular array (UCA) is hereby analytically veri ed via Cram er-Rao bound analysis. Further, the authors demonstrate that the proposed sensor-array geometry has better estimation accuracy than a single ring array.