Cytosolic chaperonin CCT possesses GTPase activity
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Cytosolic chaperonin CCT (also known as TRiC) is a hetero-oligomeric cage-like molecular chaperone that assists in protein folding by ATPase cycle-dependent conformational changes. However, role of the nucleo-tide binding and hydrolysis in CCT-assisted protein folding is still poorly understood. We purified CCT by using ATP-Sepharose and other columns, and found that CCT possesses ability to hydrolyze GTP, with an activity level very similar to the ATPase activity. CCT was more resistant to proteinase K treatment in the presence of GTP or ATP. These results suggest that the GTPase activity of CCT may play a role in chaperone-assisted protein folding.