Effect of Ga3+ and Gd3+ ions substitution on the structural and optical properties of Ce3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet phosphor nanopowders
Wako, Ali Halake
Dejene, F. B.
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ABSTRACT: The structural and optical properties of commercially obtained Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor were investigated by replacing Al3+ with Ga3+ and Y3+ with Gd3+ in the Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ structure to form Y3(Al,Ga)5O12:Ce3+ and (Y,Gd)3Al5O12:Ce3+. X-Ray diffraction (XRD) results showed slight 2-theta peak shifts to lower angles when Ga3+ was used and to higher angles when Gd3+ was used, with respect to peaks from Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ and JCPDS card no. 73–1370. This could be attributed to induced crystal-field effects due to the different ionic sizes of Ga3+ and Gd3+ compared with Al3+ and Y3+. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra showed broad excitation from 350 to 550 nm with a maximum at 472 nm, and broad emission bands from 500 to 650 nm, centred at 578 nmfor Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ arising fromthe 5d→4f transition of Ce3+. PL revealed a blue shift for Ga3+ substitution and a red shift for Gd3+ substitution. UV–Vis showed two absorption peaks at 357 and 457 nm for Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, with peaks shifting to 432 nm for Ga3+ and 460 nm for Gd3+ substitutions. Changes in the trap levels or in the depth and number of traps due to Ce3+ were analysed using thermoluminescence (TL) spectroscopy. This revealed the existence of shallow and deep traps. It was observed that Ga3+ substitution contributes to the shallowest traps at 74 °C and fewer deep traps at 163 °C, followed by Gd3+ with shallow traps at 87 °C and deep traps at 146 °C. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.