A Grading Method for Mangoes on the Basis of Peel Color Measurement Using a Computer Vision System
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An objective grading method using a Computer Vision System (CVS) for mangoes is proposed. Red peel was selected using two types of color space values at chroma = 22 and hue angle = 52˚. Eighteen out of 25 fully-ripened fruits were graded as “excellent,” determined by the share of red area per fruit being in the range of 80% - 100%. In contrast, all green-mature fruits were graded as “fair,” where the share of red area per fruit was <30%. If the threshold for the share of the red area on the peel is set between 10% (maximal green-mature fruits) and 18% (minimal fully-ripened fruits), automatic removal of green-mature fruits on a grading line is feasible. CVS was effective for nondestructively assuming anthocyanin concentration. A linear relationship between the natural logarithm of the concentration and hue angle was observed (y = −0.0542x + 7.83), with a correlation coefficient accuracy of 0.94 and root mean square error of 1.31 mg∙kg−1. This result may be effective for the visualization of anthocyanin distribution on mango skin. The threshold for red peel can be in the range of 131 - 186 mg∙kg−1. This suggests that the pigment concentration is usable as a universal threshold. This value is unaffected by conditions for image acquisition or color measurement (e.g., light source, sensor, filter, and optical geometry), unlike color space values as hue angle.
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