The Effectiveness of Surgical Methods of Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis for Patients with Multidrug Resistant at Adequate Chemotherapy (Retrospective, Case Control, Comparative Research)
Yerimbetov, Kulakhmet Dildakhmetovich
Zetov, Askar Shintasovich
Bekembayeva, Gulbadan Sabitovna
Ismailov, Shahimurat Shaimovych
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In this article, there are given results of comparative studying of efficiency of surgical and conservative treatment of 277 patients with multidrug resistant tuberculosis. The effectiveness of the surgical treatment of the main group of patients against the background of chemotherapy with anti-TB chemotherapy with the drugs of the reserve line has been compared with two control groups: Group I—Surgical intervention was implemented with drugs of the first line, Group II—Chemotherapy was conducted with anti-TB drugs of the second line without surgical intervention. Treatment outcomes in three groups were stated after cohort investigation, and following results were obtained: Effectiveness of surgical treatment of patients of the main group with MDR TB treated with anti-TB drugs of the second line constituted 98.0% versus 53.7% in the Group II. Effectiveness of conservative treatment of patients in III (control) Group constituted 74.4%. Analysis of results obtained showed that the outcomes in the main group after regimen completed were higher by 1.8 times than in patients operated against the background of treatment with the drugs of the first line and by 1.3 times higher than effectiveness in patients in the Group III (P < 0.01). Effectiveness of the treatment in the Group II was obtained through implementation of collapsesurgical interventions. In this article, the statistical program STAT 10 was applied.