Spiral Tuning Stub CPW-Fed UWB Slot Offset, Edge Cleft and Edge Slotted Antennas
Jamali, A A.
Elaziz, A. A.
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After the release of the unlicensed Ultra Wideband (UWB) spectrum 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz for the commercial purposes by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), industries and academia pay much attention due to its properties of excellent immunity to multi-path interference, high secured data rate, low power consumption, and simple configuration. The feasible UWB antenna design face some challenges including the ultra wide impedance matching, omni directional radiation pattern, constant gain, high radiation efficiency, low profile, compact antenna size and easy manufacturing. since the CPW fed planar slot antennas have the advantages of wide bandwidth, simple structure, less radiation loss, low cost and easy integration of monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMIC). In general two parameters affect planar slot antennas impedance bandwidth, the slot width and feed structure. CPW-Fed Slot Antenna with Triangular Tuning Stub, the slot shape could be bow-tie slot, wide rectangular slot, circular slot and hexagonal slot. The impedance tuning can also be performed by using coupling techniques like inductively and capacitively coupled slots, dielectric resonator coupling and other techniques such as using photonic band gap (PGB). Using these techniques, large impedance bandwidth could be obtained but they are quite complicated. Planar slot antennas have two parameters that affect impedance bandwidth, the slot width and the feed structure. The optimum feed structure gives the good impedance matching and the wider slot gives more bandwidth. The proposed antenna in this paper is designed with a compact rectangular slot and a rectangular spiral feeding structure at the interior portion of the feed. The antenna is cleft and slotted at the edge and the effects is studied. The antenna only one of its kinds in structure, small in size and simple design due to less number of design parameters compared with the existing ultra wideband antennas in the literature. The bandwidth, gain, directivity and other antenna parameters are at acceptable level. IE3D method of moments based simulation software is used for this analysis. The proposed antenna design and its experimental result details is presented and discussed.