A Self-Similar Fractal Cantor Antenna for MICS Band Wireless Applications
Rani, Sundaresan S.
Krishnan, Gangadaran S.
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Low profile antenna in communication is a new methodology. Fractal geometry is a methodology through which size reduction is achieved. A Self-similar fractal antenna using multicantor technique is proposed and experimentally studied. Space-filling cantors and self-similarity properties of fractal geometry have been adopted in the proposed antenna to miniaturize the size of antenna. The antenna is designed in such a way to operate at MICS band (Medical Implant communication Service) for wireless telemedicine application. The prototype antenna exhibits wideband characteristics and provides a good agreement of return loss (S11). Experimental return loss has been compared with that which is obtained using method of moments. The objective of using self-similar concept in antenna makes it flexible in terms of controlling the resonance and bandwidth. In this paper, the Self-similar property of fractal geometry is examined by maintaining return loss (S11) more than –30 dB approximately in all the iterations (n) and the prototype antenna has return loss greater than –10 dB and exhibits wideband characteristics.